1. 练习到的技术点

  • 路由的基础用法
  • 嵌套路由
  • 路由重定向
  • 路由传参
  • 编程式导航

2. 实现效果

效果展示

3. 实现代码

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<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="Zh">
<head>
<meta charset="UTF-8" />
<title>基于Vue-Router的案例</title>
<style>
html,
body,
#app {
margin: 0;
padding: 0px;
height: 100%;
}

.header {
height: 50px;
background-color: #545c64;
line-height: 50px;
text-align: center;
font-size: 24px;
color: #fff;
}

.footer {
height: 40px;
line-height: 40px;
background-color: #888;
position: absolute;
bottom: 0;
width: 100%;
text-align: center;
color: #fff;
}

.main {
display: flex;
position: absolute;
top: 50px;
bottom: 40px;
width: 100%;
}

.content {
flex: 1;
text-align: center;
height: 100%;
}

.left {
flex: 0 0 20%;
background-color: #545c64;
}

.left a {
color: white;
text-decoration: none;
}

.right {
margin: 5px;
}

.btns {
width: 100%;
height: 35px;
line-height: 35px;
background-color: #f5f5f5;
text-align: left;
padding-left: 10px;
box-sizing: border-box;
}

button {
height: 30px;
background-color: #ecf5ff;
border: 1px solid lightskyblue;
font-size: 12px;
padding: 0 20px;
}

.main-content {
margin-top: 10px;
}

ul {
margin: 0;
padding: 0;
list-style: none;
}

ul li {
height: 45px;
line-height: 45px;
background-color: #a0a0a0;
color: #fff;
cursor: pointer;
border-bottom: 1px solid #fff;
}

table {
width: 100%;
border-collapse: collapse;
}

td,
th {
border: 1px solid #eee;
line-height: 35px;
font-size: 12px;
}

th {
background-color: #ddd;
}
</style>
<script src="https://jack-img.oss-cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/js/vue.js"></script>
<script src="https://jack-img.oss-cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/js/Vue-Router_3.0.2.js"></script>
</head>

<body>
<div id="app">
<router-view></router-view>
</div>

<script>
// 定义app根组件
const App = {
template: `
<div>
<!-- 头部区域 -->
<header class="header">后台管理系统</header>
<!-- 中间主体区域 -->
<div class="main">
<!-- 左侧菜单栏 -->
<div class="content left">
<ul>
<li><router-link to="/users">用户管理</router-link></li>
<li><router-link to="/rights">权限管理</router-link></li>
<li><router-link to="/goods">商品管理</router-link></li>
<li><router-link to="/orders">订单管理</router-link></li>
<li><router-link to="/settings">系统设置</router-link></li>
</ul>
</div>
<!-- 右侧内容区域 -->
<div class="content right">
<div class="main-content">
<router-view></router-view>
</div>
</div>
</div>
<!-- 尾部区域 -->
<footer class="footer">版权信息</footer>
</div>
`,
};

const Users = {
data() {
return {
userlist: [
{
id: 1,
name: 'zhangsan',
age: 10,
},
{
id: 2,
name: 'lisi',
age: 11,
},
{
id: 3,
name: 'wangwu',
age: 12,
},
{
id: 4,
name: 'zhangsan',
age: 13,
},
{
id: 5,
name: 'xiaoming',
age: 14,
},
],
};
},
methods: {
goDetail(id) {
// console.log(id);
this.$router.push('/userinfo/' + id);
},
},
template: `
<div>
<h3>用户管理区域</h3>
<table>
<thead>
<tr>
<th>编号</th>
<th>姓名</th>
<th>年龄</th>
<th>操作</th>
</tr>
</thead>
<tbody>
<tr v-for="item in userlist" :key="item.id">
<td>{{item.id}}</td>
<td>{{item.name}}</td>
<td>{{item.age}}</td>
<td><a href="javascript:;" @click='goDetail(item.id)'>详情</a></td>
</tr>
</tbody>
</table>
</div>
`,
};

const UserInfo = {
props: ['id'],
template: `
<div>
<h2>用户详情页---用户ID为:{{id}}</h2>
<button @click="goBack()">后退</button>
</div>

`,
methods: {
goBack() {
this.$router.go(-1);
},
},
};

const Rights = {
template: `
<div><h3>权限管理区域</h3></div>
`,
};
const Goods = {
template: `
<div><h3>商品管理区域</h3></div>
`,
};
const Orders = {
template: `
<div><h3>订单管理区域</h3></div>
`,
};
const Settings = {
template: `
<div><h3>系统设置区域</h3></div>
`,
};

// 创建路由对象
const router = new VueRouter({
routes: [
{
path: '/',
component: App,
redirect: '/users',
children: [
{
path: '/users',
component: Users,
},
{
path: '/userinfo/:id',
component: UserInfo,
props: true,
},
{
path: '/rights',
component: Rights,
},
{
path: '/goods',
component: Goods,
},
{
path: '/orders',
component: Orders,
},
{
path: '/settings',
component: Settings,
},
],
},
],
});

const vm = new Vue({
el: '#app',
router,
});
</script>
</body>
</html>